History of Cartography
> The first volume of the History of Cartography was published in 1987 and the three books that constitute Volume Two appeared over the following eleven years. In 1987 the worldwide web did not exist, and since 1998 book publishing has gone through a revolution in the production and dissemination of work. Although the large format and high quality image reproduction of the printed books (see right column) are still well-suited to the requirements for the publishing of maps, the online availability of material is a boon to scholars and map enthusiasts.
> On this site the University of Chicago Press is pleased to present the first three volumes of the History of Cartography in PDF format.
Security Engineering: Third Edition
Emily Wilson on Translations and Language
> In a recent Twitter thread, Emily Wilson listed some of the difficulties of translating Homer into English. Among them: “There aren’t enough onomatopoeic words for very loud chaotic noises” (#2 on the list), “It’s very hard to come up with enough ways to describe intense desire to act that don’t connote modern psychology” (#5), and “There is no common English word of four syllables or fewer connoting ‘person particularly favored by Zeus due to high social status, and by the way this is a very normal ordinary word which is not drawing any special attention to itself whatsoever, beyond generic heroizing.’” (#7).
> Using Twitter this way is part of her effort to explain literary translation. What do translators do all day? Why can the same sentence turn out so differently depending on the translator? Why did she get stuck translating the Iliad immediately after producing a beloved translation of the Odyssey?
> She and Tyler discuss these questions and more, including why Silicon Valley loves Stoicism, whether Plato made Socrates sound smarter than he was, the future of classics education, the effect of AI on translation, how to make academia more friendly to women, whether she’d choose to ‘overlive’, and the importance of having a big Ikea desk and a huge orange cat.
Probability and the Real World
> What aspects of the real world involve chance? What does mathematical probability tell about about those aspects? What concepts from mathematical probability can be illustrated by interesting contemporary real data? This web site records my efforts to articulate some answers to such questions. It is aimed at readers who have either read some “popular science” style account of probability, or taken a college course involving probability. So I won’t explain very basic stuff, and I mostly avoid discussing material easily found elsewhere.
NES/Famicom: a visual compendium
> NES/Famicom: a visual compendium aims to showcase the very best pixel art, box art and product design on each system. Spread over 536 pages, it features more than 170 classic games, with articles on the leading developers, interviews with key figures in the industry and mini-features on subjects such as packaging, fan art and unreleased games.
Algorithms by Jeff Erickson
> This web page contains a free electronic version of my (soon to be) self-published textbook Algorithms, along with other lecture notes I have written for various theoretical computer science classes at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign since 1998.
> 0th edition (prepublication draft), December 2018
New York's Strand bookshop begs to avoid official landmarking
> The Strand says it needs flexibility “to do future upgrades and change with the needs of the community”, and that the proposed status would mean every repair and upgrade “would have to go through the slow bureaucracy of the Landmarks Preservation Commission” and cost money.
An artist on creating the retro art for a new edition of Robert Heinlein’s Starship Troopers
> The Folio Society is responsible for a number of beautiful editions of classic works of science fiction. Earlier this fall, it began offering another fan-favorite edition: Robert L. Heinlein’s Starship Troopers.
> In addition to the additional commentary, the Folio Society commissions original art for each book, beautiful illustrations that complement the scenes are you read them. The Verge spoke with artist Hickman about his approach to illustrating Heinlein’s classic novel.
Simple Risk Measurement
> Simple Risk Measurement is written to help you measure complicated risks using a process that’s simple enough to work out on the back of a napkin and powerful enough to organize a rocket launch.
> If you are an engineer motivated by the reduction of risk and are frustrated by how to measure your progress, you may find this documentation useful. Simple Risk Measurement can get you started towards a comprehensive and scientific approach to risk. It is designed to enhance subject matter experts who work with risk, especially those who mitigate complex risks on an ongoing basis.
The Literary Turing Test
> To evaluate if a non-fiction book should have been a paragraph
> This site is an adjunct to the book Hacker’s Delight (Addison-Wesley, 2003, 2012).
A lot of this may be bit twiddling trivia, but maybe that’s also useful when trying to write constant time code without side channels.
Static Program Analysis
> These notes present principles and applications of static analysis of programs. We cover basic type analysis, lattice theory, control flow graphs, dataflow analysis, fixed-point algorithms, widening and narrowing, path sensitivity, relational analysis, interprocedural analysis, context sensitivity, control-flow analysis, several flavors of pointer analysis, and key concepts of semantics-based abstract interpretation. A tiny imperative programming language with pointers and first-class functions is subjected to numerous different static analyses illustrating the techniques that are presented.
Exploring the Future Beyond Cyberpunk’s Neon and Noir
> Which microgenres are bubbling up, and which trends and themes best describe how creators are imagining the future? Here are nine suggestions.
The World’s Newest, Most Gloriously Designed Maps
> Calling all map enthusiasts: the North American Cartographic Information Society will soon be releasing the 2018 Atlas of Design, its latest compendium of the world’s newest and best maps. Every two years since 2012, NACIS, a nonprofit organization that supports and promotes cartography, has released a new volume of maps, carefully selected from hundreds of entrants by a panel of judges. This year reveals a bumper crop of map-makers: NACIS received over 300 submissions for just 32 spots.
A Graduate Course in Applied Cryptography
And its textbook.
> A beginning reader can read though the book to learn how cryptographic systems work and why they are secure. Every security theorem in the book is followed by a proof idea that explains at a high level why the scheme is secure. On a first read one can skip over the detailed proofs without losing continuity. A beginning reader may also skip over the mathematical details sections that explore nuances of certain definitions.
> An advanced reader may enjoy reading the detailed proofs to learn how to do proofs in cryptography. At the end of every chapter you will find many exercises that explore additional aspects of the material covered in the chapter. Some exercises rehearse what was learned, but many exercises expand on the material and discuss topics not covered in the chapter.
Kolyma Stories, by Varlam Shalamov
> That is not blurb inflation. Note that the book is long (734 pp. of stories), and the reading is slow, mostly because the narratives lack redundant information, not because they are clumsy or awkwardly written. It also takes perhaps a few stories to get into the swing of things and figure out how the fictional yet not fictional universe works here. But the content is entirely gripping, and full of social science.
Haven’t read it, but maybe some day.
Tom Wolfe, Whose Journalism Struck Literary Note, Dies at 88
Who’s Polluting Whose English?
> The quiz is stolen — or, as Brits would say, nicked — from Lynne Murphy’s entertaining and enlightening new book, The Prodigal Tongue: The Love-Hate Relationship Between American and British English. Murphy grew up in America and since 2000 has been teaching linguistics at the University of Sussex in Brighton, England. That makes her the perfect person to chronicle the differences and similarities between the language as it’s used on either side of the Atlantic.
Early days: the VIC-20 Programmer's Reference Guide
> There are all sorts of interesting parts to this book. It tells you all of the useful memory locations in a list, in addition to talking about them in prose. This way, you can find things like what location in memory controls the screen’s border color, or the background color. You can figure out which locations drive the different parts of the sound chip.
Skin in the Game by Nassim Nicholas Taleb – digested read
> Skin in the Game is the latest in my collection of works that I’ve grandiosely called Incerto. Remember Antifragile and The Black Swan? They were mine. People said they wouldn’t sell, but they became massive. That’s not boasting, that’s just the truth. I don’t need to boast because I’m brilliant enough without it. So if you want to know why everything you always thought was right is actually wrong, read on.